Spread bets and CFDs are complex instruments and come with a high risk of losing money rapidly due to leverage. 67% of retail investor accounts lose money when spread betting and/or trading CFDs with this provider. You should consider whether you understand how spread bets and CFDs work and whether you can afford to take the high risk of losing your money.

CFD holding costs

At the end of each day (5pm New York time), CFD positions held in your account may be subject to a charge called a 'holding cost'. The holding cost can be positive or negative, depending on the direction of your trade and the applicable holding rate. Historical holding rates, expressed as an annual percentage rate, are visible on our platform within the overview section for each product.

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Calculating CFD holding costs

Holding costs are calculated as follows:

On a buy position:

Daily holding cost = (units x current trade mid-price x holding rate buy) / 365 x CMC Markets currency conversion rate.

On a sell position:

Daily holding cost = (units x –1 x current trade mid-price x holding rate sell) / 365 x CMC Markets currency conversion rate.

The current trade price uses the mid-price at 5pm (New York time) or the last CMC mid-price, if the market is already closed. For New Zealand shares, the closing mid-price of the previous day will be used.

The resulting sum of all holding costs will be credited to or debited from your account as applicable, and will be visible within your account history on the platform.

Shares

Overnight fees for share CFDs are based on the underlying interbank rate for the currency of the relevant share (see table below), plus 0.0082% on buy positions and minus 0.0082% on sell positions.

Holding costs are charged for buy positions and credited for sell positions, unless the underlying interbank rate is equal to or less than 0.0082%, in which case sell positions may incur a holding cost charge that will be deducted from the cash in your account. Holding rates for sell trades may also include an additional adjustment for borrowing fees on shares that attract a higher borrowing cost in the underlying market. These borrowing fees can be significant and are subject to large changes as short interest in a stock increases. Please be aware of this additional risk/charge when holding sell trades in individual shares.

Indices

Overnight holding rates for index CFDs are based on the underlying interbank rate of the index (see table below), plus 0.0082% on buy positions and minus 0.0082% on sell positions.

Holding costs for shares and cash indices

Currency Interbank rate
AUD One month bankers acceptance bill
CAD One month bankers acceptance bill
CHF One month Libor
DKK One month Copenhagen interbank offered rate
EUR One month Euribor
GBP One month Libor
HKD One month Hong Kong interbank offered rate
INR One month deposit
JPY One month Libor
NOK One month Norwegian interbank offered rate
NZD One month bank bill
SEK One month Stockholm interbank offered rate
SGD One month Singapore interbank offered rate
USD One month Libor
ZAR One month deposit

Foreign exchange

Overnight holding rates for forex CFDs are based on the tom-next (tomorrow to next day) rate in the underlying market for the currency pair and are expressed as an annual percentage.

Buy position holding rate = tom-next rate % + 0.0027%

Sell position holding rate = tom-next rate % - 0.0027%

Different rates are quoted for buy and sell positions and are actively traded between banks. Tom-next rates in the underlying market are based on the interest rate differential between the two currencies. As a general rule, if the interest rate of the first named currency is higher than the second named currency in the forex pair (subject to the adjustment detailed above), and you hold a buy position, the holding cost will be credited to your account. Conversely, if you hold a sell position in this scenario, the holding cost will be debited from your account.

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Commodities and treasuries

Holding rates for cash commodity​ and treasury CFDs are based on the inferred holding costs built into the underlying futures contracts, from which the prices of our cash commodity and treasury products are derived. A cash price is a product without a fixed expiry or settlement date. The price of our cash commodity and treasury products strips out this inferred holding cost (as described above) to create our continuous 'cash' price. The inferred daily holding cost is then applied as our holding cost, which can be positive or negative.

Our cash commodities and treasuries enable you to trade on a continuous price which, unlike forward commodities or treasuries, is not subject to an expiration date.

Using the underlying futures price data as a basis, our automated pricing engine calculates theoretical cash prices for each cash commodity and treasury by adding or subtracting (as applicable) the implied holding cost. Using these theoretical cash prices as a basis, our automated pricing engine derives price depth ladders containing up to ten levels of depth for each cash commodity and treasury. Each level transparently displays the volume obtainable at a distinct price, with the volume and applicable spread increasing as you go further down the ladder. Read more about our price ladder tool​.

The implied holding cost, plus or minus a haircut, is then applied daily to positions held at 5pm (New York time) as a daily holding cost amount.

The price of our cash product is based on the nearest most liquid futures contract, or primary contract, so over time as the underlying futures approach expiry the primary contract will change, which generally coincides with the roll dates of our forward instruments.

Before each change in the primary contract the implied holding cost rate is calculated, and fixed, measuring the difference between the mid-price of the 'next' primary contract and the mid-price of our current cash price. Each time we update our primary contract, the holding cost rate is recalculated to reflect this change.

In exceptional circumstances, our cash price may not be based on the discounted price of the front month future, but a further dated expiry due to conditions in the underlying commodity market.

Simplified calculation used to generate the annual holding cost rate price for cash commodities and treasuries

  1. Subtract the mid-price of the current cash price from the mid-price of the next primary contract to get the price difference
  2. Calculate the number of days to expiry between the next primary contract and now
  3. Divide the price difference by the number of days to expiry and multiply by 365 to get the annualised difference in price terms
  4. Divide the annualised price difference by the cash price to work out the percentage mid-rate
  5. Bid or long position = (percentage mid-rate + (maximum of (absolute of the percentage mid-rate x the haircut) or 3%)) x –1
  6. Ask or short position = (percentage mid-rate – (maximum of (absolute of the percentage mid-rate x the haircut) or 3%)) x –1

Example

Let's say that the Crude Oil Brent primary contract moved from June to July on 28 April at approximately 9.30pm (UK time).

  1. Crude Oil Brent July Future mid-price 47.48 – Crude Oil Brent Cash mid-price 47.79 = –0.31
  2. Expiry of July contract 30 May-28 April = 33 days
  3. –0.31 / 33 x 365 = –3.42879
  4. –3.42879 / 47.79 = –7.175%
  5. Bid or long position = (–7.175% + 3%) x –1 = 4.175%
  6. Ask or short position = (–7.175% - 3%) x –1 = 10.175%

Share baskets, forex & commodity indices

Holdings costs for share baskets, forex indices and commodity indices are calculated via a weighted sum of the constituents' holding cost rates, plus CMC's haircut on buy positions or minus CMC's haircut on sell positions.

Forward contracts

A forward contract is a product with a fixed expiration or settlement date, upon which open positions will be settled at the closing price. Index, FX, commodity and treasury forward contracts are not subject to holding costs.

FAQS

What are the main CFD fees?

Contracts for difference (CFD) fees include holding costs for trades held overnight, plus market data fees and commission charges if you trade shares. Read an overview of the main CFD costs.

Is CFD trading profitable?

CFD trading can be profitable if you correctly predict the price direction of an asset, and close out your trade at the right time. However, there are additional costs to consider depending on how you trade, including holding costs for trades held overnight, and commission charges on share trades. Trading with leverage is also a risk because profits and losses are magnified based on the full trade value. CFD trading is also subject to capital gains tax. Read more about the risks of CFDs.

Can you trade CFDs tax-free?

CFDs are not tax free in the UK, as traders are required to pay capital gains tax. However, our most popular product is spread betting, which allows clients to trade tax-free on the price movements of thousands of assets. Learn more about spread betting vs CFDs.

How long should you hold a CFD trade?

You can hold a CFD trade for any duration between just a few seconds, to a few months, depending on your trading style. However, trades carried overnight will mean a CFD holding cost is applied to your account. Learn more about our trading costs.

Can you trade over the short term with CFDs?

You can trade CFDs both in the short-term and long term. View our guide to the best trading strategies to use in the financial markets, including short-term day trading, medium-term swing trading and long-term position trading.

Disclaimer: CMC Markets is an execution-only service provider. The material (whether or not it states any opinions) is for general information purposes only, and does not take into account your personal circumstances or objectives. Nothing in this material is (or should be considered to be) financial, investment or other advice on which reliance should be placed. No opinion given in the material constitutes a recommendation by CMC Markets or the author that any particular investment, security, transaction or investment strategy is suitable for any specific person. The material has not been prepared in accordance with legal requirements designed to promote the independence of investment research. Although we are not specifically prevented from dealing before providing this material, we do not seek to take advantage of the material prior to its dissemination.