Forex trading offers frequent trading opportunities, as currency prices are constantly ﬂuctuating in value against each other. FX trading allows traders to speculate on all the major currency pairs. The only limit to which currency pairs can be traded are the pairs and quantity offered by the trading platform individual traders choose.
The three main types of currency pairs are majors, minors (crosses) and exotics. The major currency pairs are often the most popular to trade, as they are the most liquid. That is to say these pairs have the highest trading volume. Minor currency pairs are ones which leave out the United States dollar, and they are normally less liquid. Examples include the euro and Swiss franc (EUR/CHF), Canadian dollar and Japanese yen (CAD/JPY), or pound sterling and Australian dollar (GBP/AUD). Cross pairs can provide trading opportunities when the majors are presenting less favourable conditions.
There are also exotic currency pairs. These are the least traded in the forex market, and are less liquid than the cross pairs. Prices can ﬂuctuate greatly, and due to the lower volume of trades, spreads can be wide. There also tends to be less historical data on these pairs, so those relying on technical analysis may ﬁnd information harder to come by.