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Top 3 trading mistakes and how to avoid them

It is today easier than ever before for traders to take a position across thousands of financial markets. But some things never change and new traders can be prone to making common trading mistakes.

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So what are the three most common mistakes and how can you avoid making them?

Miscalculating the balance between risk and reward

Studies show that the number one mistake that losing traders make is not getting the balance right between risk and reward. Many let a losing trade continue in the hope that the market will reverse and turn that loss into a profit. The reverse approach is applied to profits too. A lot of traders are only too eager to quickly take a profit as they are worried it will otherwise disappear.

This is of course completely opposite to that well-worn market advice 'let your profits run and take losses quickly.' The maths here is simple enough: if you are, for example, losing £100 on trades that go wrong, and only making £50 on trades that go well, your trading account is probably only going to head in one direction: down.

Before you place a trade you should weigh up the potential profit versus the risk you are willing to take (risk:reward ratio). As a general rule of thumb, you would factor in double the potential profit amount (if not more) you expect to make versus the amount you stand to lose if the price moves in an unexpected direction.

If the trade does not fit those requirements, then the sensible approach is to pass on the trade and wait for a better opportunity to come up where the balance is more in your favour. This takes discipline of course – sadly, another trait that many traders just don’t have.

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Patience is another useful trait in trading, but one that many of us will not have in the beginning. With constant access to markets and breaking news and changing prices, there can be a feeling that you need to act at the speed of light. But how many times have you opened a trade and then been disappointed that the market has not immediately taken off in the direction you were expecting?

The reality is that just because you have decided the market needs to move in a certain direction, it rarely means it will start going that way as soon as you place your trade. The market has not been waiting patiently for you to click buy or sell before going on its merry way!

Trades need time to develop, so if you have seen what you think is a good opportunity in the market then place your trade and give the market a chance to prove you right. Stop losses are very important in trading, to help protect against trades that don’t go your way, but don’t place them so close to where you entered that you will be taken out of the trade on just a normal fluctuation in price.

Risking too much capital in a single trade

The third most common mistake is in relation to the financial amount at risk. The sad truth is that most people risk too much on any one trading idea.

If you have, for example, £1000 in an account, then risking £200 on whether the euro is going to bounce is a foolhardy approach by most professional traders' standards. If losing on one trade means a serious percentage of your account will disappear, chances are that the account will not last long.

As conservative as it sounds, most professional traders would advocate only risking around 1-3% of the financial value of your account on any one trading idea. In other words, start conservatively, even though this might be going somewhat against the nature of many aspiring traders.

CMC Markets is an execution-only service provider. The material (whether or not it states any opinions) is for general information purposes only, and does not take into account your personal circumstances or objectives. Nothing in this material is (or should be considered to be) financial, investment or other advice on which reliance should be placed. No opinion given in the material constitutes a recommendation by CMC Markets or the author that any particular investment, security, transaction or investment strategy is suitable for any specific person.

CMC Markets does not endorse or offer opinion on the trading strategies used by the author. Their trading strategies do not guarantee any return and CMC Markets shall not be held responsible for any loss that you may incur, either directly or indirectly, arising from any investment based on any information contained herein.

CMC Markets è un fornitore di servizi di sola esecuzione. Queste informazioni (che contengano o meno opinioni) hanno solo scopo informativo e non tengono conto delle circostanze o degli obiettivi personali dell'utente. Nessuna delle informazioni contenute in questo documento è (o dovrebbe essere considerata) una consulenza finanziaria, di investimento o di altro tipo su cui si può fare affidamento. Nulla nei documenti costituisce una raccomandazione da parte di CMC Markets o dell'autore secondo cui un particolare investimento, titolo, transazione o strategia d'investimento sia adatto a una particolare persona. I materiali non sono stati preparati in conformità con i requisiti di legge volti a promuovere l'indipendenza della ricerca di mercato degli investimenti. Sebbene non sia espressamente vietato a noi trattare prima di fornire questo materiale, non cerchiamo di trarne profitto prima della sua diffusione.

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