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Glossary: R

These are common terms used in the financial services industry


Where the price moves within a defined boundary.

Realised profit/loss

The amount of money you have made or lost on a position once it has been closed. Realised profit or loss will add to or subtract from your account cash balance.

Relative strength index (RSI)

A chart indicator used in technical analysis. It identifies when trends are coming to the end of their current direction, as well as overbought and oversold market conditions.

Resistance level

A term used in technical analysis indicating a price level at which analysis suggests a predominance of selling – and hence a greater likelihood that the price will fail to break through the level.

Retail sales

This figure represents the total of durable and non-durable goods sales by retailers to consumers. Services are largely excluded from this statistic.

Rights issue

An additional issue of shares by a company to existing shareholders at an advantageous, discounted price, usually in order to raise new funds for further development or to finance a new acquisition. A two for five rights issue at $1.45 means that the existing shareholder has the right to acquire a further two shares for every five currently held at a new cost of $1.45 per share acquired.


Closing an expiring futures position and reopening the position in the next tradeable future. In forex , the value of the process is measured by the interest rate differential between the two currencies. There’s usually a small cost for rolling over positions.

Running profit/loss

The profit or loss which you would realise by closing your open positions at the prevailing market prices.