Spread bets and CFDs are complex instruments and come with a high risk of losing money rapidly due to leverage. 71% of retail investor accounts lose money when spread betting and/or trading CFDs with this provider. You should consider whether you understand how spread bets and CFDs work and whether you can afford to take the high risk of losing your money.

Want to get started in CFD trading​, but don’t know how? Our CFD examples will guide you through opening and closing trade positions, and calculating your profits or losses from your trades.

From initial impressions, it may seem that CFD trading is more complicated than traditional trading, but as you will see from these examples, that’s not necessarily the case.

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## CFD example 1: buying ABC plc

In this CFD example, ABC plc is trading at a sell/buy price of 1,599/1,600p. Assume you want to buy 1,000 share CFDs (units) because you think the price will go up. ABC plc has a tier 1 margin rate of 5%, which means that you only have to deposit 5% of the position’s value as position margin.

In this example, your CFD position margin​ will be £800 (5% x (1,000 units x 1,600p buy price)). Remember that if the price moves against you, it is possible to lose more than your initial position margin of £800.

### Outcome A: a profitable trade

Your prediction was correct and the price rises over the next hour to a sell/buy price of 1,625/1,626. You decide to close your position by selling at 1,625 (the new sell price).

The price has moved 25 points (1,625 – 1,600) in your favour. Multiply this by the size of your position (1,000 units) to calculate your gross profit which is £250.

The total commission charges to open and close a buy position would be calculated as follows:

1,000 (units) x 1,600 pence (price) x 0.10% = £16.00

1,000 (units) x 1,625 pence (price) x 0.10% = £16.25

Total commission = £16.00 + £16.25 = £32.25

Therefore, your total profit on ABC plc is your gross profit minus total commissions​.

£250 - £32.25 = £217.75 net profit

### Outcome B: a losing trade

Unfortunately, your prediction was wrong and the price of ABC plc drops over the next hour to a sell/buy price of 1,549/1,550. You feel the price is likely to continue dropping, so to limit your potential loss you decide to sell at 1,549 (the new sell price) to close the position.

The price has moved 51 points (1,600 – 1,549) against you. Multiply this by the size of your position (1,000 units) to calculate your loss, which is £510.

The total commission charges to open and close a buy position would be calculated as follows:

1,000 (units) x 1,600 pence (price) x 0.10% = £16.00

1,000 (units) x 1,549 pence (price) x 0.10% = £15.49

Total commission = £16.00 + £15.49 = £31.49

Therefore, your total loss on ABC plc is your gross loss + total commissions.

£510 + £31.49 = £541.49 net loss

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## CFD example 2: selling ABC plc

In this CFD example, ABC plc is trading at a sell/buy price of 1,599/1,600p. Assume you want to sell 1,000 share CFDs (units) because you think the price will go down. ABC plc has a tier 1 margin rate of 5% which means that you only have to put forward 5% of the total position’s value from your own funds as position margin​.

In this example, your position margin will be £799.50 (5% x (1,000 units x 1,599p sell price)). Remember that if the price moves against you, it is possible to lose more than your initial position margin of £799.50.

### Outcome A: a profitable trade

Your prediction was correct and the price falls over the next hour to a sell/buy price of 1,549/1,550. You decide to close your trade by buying back at 1,550 pence (the new buy price).

The price has moved 49 pence (1,599 – 1,550) in your favour. Multiply this by the size of your position (1,000 units) to calculate your profit, which is £490.

The total commission charges to open and close a sell position would be calculated as follows:

1,000 (units) x 1,599 pence (price) x 0.10% = £15.99

1,000 (units) x 1,550 pence (price) x 0.10% = £15.50

Total commission = £15.99 + £15.50 = £31.49

£490 - £31.49 = £458.51 net profit

### Outcome B: a losing trade

Unfortunately, your prediction was wrong and the price of ABC plc rises over the next hour to 1,649/1,650. You decide to cut your losses and buy at 1,650 (the new buy price) to close the position.

The price has moved 51 points (1,650 – 1,599) against you. Multiply this by the size of your position (1,000 units) to calculate your loss, which is £510.

The total commission charges to open and close a sell position would be calculated as follows:

1,000 (units) x 1,650 pence (price) x 0.10% = £16.50

1,000 (units) x 1,599 pence (price) x 0.10% = £15.99

Total commission = £16.50 + £15.99 = £32.49

£510 + £32.49 = £542.49 net loss

Learn how to trade CFDs​ with our in-depth video tutorial.

## Calculating CFD profits and losses

Our CFD examples offer a good way to learn how trading CFDs works, as it can help to see a trade in practice to fully understand the trading process. Whether you’re a beginner or a seasoned trader, these examples can help you to visualise making a trade, and the resulting profit or loss.

Your profit or loss is determined by the difference between the price you enter a trade at and the price you exit at. Remember that prices are always quoted with the sell price on the left and the buy price on the right. Read more about the bid price and ask price​.

When you start CFD (contracts for difference) trading as a beginner, you should first understand the basics of trading CFDs​​. View our CFD examples and consider opening our CFD demo account, where you can practise trading in a risk-free environment.

Once you learn the basics, you can progress to more advanced learning through technical and fundamental analysis. However, as a beginner in CFD trading, our examples can help you to understand the CFD trading process, and how to work out profits and losses. You should also be aware of the costs​​ associated with trading CFDs.

CFD trading allows you to speculate on the price movements of an array of financial instruments​. You can opt to go long and ‘buy’ if you believe the market price will rise, or go short and ‘sell’ if you think the market price will fall. You do not own the underlying asset you are speculating on, and therefore you are exempt from stamp duty. Find out more on our CFD meaning page to help determine if they are right for you.

### Commission explained

CFD commissions are only applicable for CFD shares. Therefore, opening and closing positions are commission-free for all forex, indices, cryptocurrencies, commodities and treasuries instruments. CFD share trades attract a commission charge for each trade. UK share trades cost 10 basis points (0.10%) with a £9 minimum commission charge per trade.

To determine how much commission you would pay, multiply your position size by the applicable commission rate. Read more about CFD commissions​ here.

### Holding costs explained

If you hold any position after 5pm New York time, you will be charged a CFD holding cost​, or if the position has a fixed expiry the cost is built into the price of the product.

We calculate the holding rate applicable to the holding cost based on the risk-free or interbank rate of the currency in which the product is denominated. For example, the UK 100 (pound sterling) is based on the Sterling Overnight Index Average (SONIA) interest-rate benchmark. For buy positions, we charge 0.0082% above SONIA and for sell positions you receive SONIA minus 0.0082%, unless the underlying risk-free rate is equal to or less than 0.0082%, in which case sell positions may incur a holding cost.

You can view your historic holding costs by choosing the account menu and then the history tab.

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## Why trade CFDs with CMC Markets?

Here at CMC Markets we have been experts in CFD and spread betting trading since 1989. With 30 years’ experience in trading on the financial markets, you can be confident you’re trading CFDs with the right provider. We have a dedicated support team available 24 hours a day from Sunday evening through to Friday evening, to assist you with any problems you might have. There’s a lot to consider when choosing a trading partner, so make sure you visit our ‘why CMC​’ page to see what makes us different.

1. Open a CFD trading account. You can open a live account to trade CFDs with real money, or a demo account to hone your skills and familiarise yourself with the platform, across a huge range of global markets.
2. Choose the financial instrument. Choose the CFD instrument, such as EUR/USD or UK 100, that you want to trade on. We offer CFDs across a wide range of global markets, including forex, indices, commodities, shares and treasuries.
3. Choose to buy or sell. Buy (go long) if you think prices will rise, or sell (go short) if you think prices will go down.
4. Enter a trade size. Decide on how many CFD units you want to trade. The value of one CFD unit can vary depending on the instrument you’ve chosen to trade.
5. Manage your risk. Select from a range of stop-loss orders, including guaranteed stop-loss orders (GSLOs). GSLOs work exactly the same as regular stop-loss orders except that for a premium, they guarantee to close you out of a trade at the price you specify regardless of market volatility or gapping. The premium is refunded in full if the GSLO is not triggered.

## FAQ

CFDs (contracts for difference) are a popular form of derivative trading where you can speculate on price fluctuations in various markets, including forex, indices, commodities, shares and treasuries. When trading CFDs you speculate on price movements without ever owning the underlying asset. See the risks of CFDs and the benefits of CFDs to decide if they are right for you.

How does CFD margin work?

The CFD margin requirement is the necessary deposit required to gain access to a larger sum of money in the trade. Trading that features a margin requirement deposit that constitutes a percentage of the full trade value is also known as leveraged trading. When the customer lays a margin requirement, the rest of the sum is essentially ‘borrowed’ from the broker. Find out more about trading on margin.

How do you calculate CFD profit?

When you hold long positions (where you speculate the market price to rise), you can calculate the profit from this type of CFD trade by taking the price you sold at (sell price), and substracting the price you bought at (buy price). Once you have this total, you multiply it by the size of your position to calculate your profit. Please note additional costs will apply, such as the spread and commissions. These can be found on our CFD trading costs page.

How do I apply for an account with CMC Markets?

Apply for a demo account or a live account here. A demo account is a great way to help improve your trading skills, by practising with £10,000 of risk-free virtual funds, while a live account is suitable if you want to start trading straight away.