It’s been a turbulent time for Nikola’s [NKLA] share price, following the company’s debut on the Nasdaq Global Select Market last year.
The electric vehicle (EV) maker debuted via a merger with special purpose acquisition company (SPAC) VectoIQ Acquisition Corp [VTIQ] on 4 June 2020.
The stock opened at $37.55 and soared to an intraday high of $93.99 on 9 June — up 150.3% from its opening price.
However, since then its fortunes have dramatically shifted. Trevor Milton, Nikola’s founder, stepped down as executive chairman following allegations of fraud. The announcement on 21 September saw the stock slump by 19.3% in one day, closing at $27.58.
In another major blow, General Motors [GM] dropped plans to take an 11% equity stake in Nikola and build trucks together in November. By the year’s end, Nikola’s share price had crashed to $15.26, an 83.8% decline from its 52-week high.
Nikola’s share price continued on its downward spiral at the start of 2021. A brief recovery saw the stock reach $28.58 on 27 January, up 87.3% year to date but, throughout March, Nikola’s share price tumbled by 23.3%.
By 4 May, Nikola’s stock was down 29.2% year to date, closing at $10.81. In comparison, the S&P 500 was up 10.9% during the same period. Nikola’s market cap stood at $4.2bn on 5 May, considerably lower than its $12.2bn valuation on 4 June 2020.
With the company’s first quarter 2021 earnings report due on 7 May, can Nikola’s share price recover?
Nikola’s past performance
Nikola’s fourth quarter and full year 2020 earnings report, which was released on 25 February, saw the company post a narrower loss than had been anticipated by Wall Street analysts, according to CNBC. It announced an earnings per share (EPS) loss of $0.17, versus Refinitiv estimates of a loss of $0.24. It reported a fourth quarter net loss of $147m, compared to a loss of $117.5m in the previous quarter, an increase of 25%.
The company had made significant changes during the quarter to “refocus” and “realign”, Mark Russell, CEO of Nikola, said on the fourth quarter earnings call. “You have seen us restructure our agreement with [General Motors], cancel our battery-electric vehicles (BEVs) refuse truck program, discontinue our Powersports program and realign the company’s resources with laser focus on our core businesses: battery electric and hydrogen fuel-cell electric (FCEV) heavy-duty trucks, and hydrogen refuelling infrastructure.”
"You have seen us ... realign the company’s resources with laser focus on our core businesses" - Mark Russell, Nikola CEO
A key focus going forward will be the first deliveries of the company’s Tre BEV trucks, which are set for trial production by the third quarter of 2021 at Nikola’s $600m plant in Coolidge, Arizona.
Looking ahead to its next earnings call, Nikola is expected to post earnings of -$0.27 per share, according to Zacks Equity Research consensus estimate, which would represent a 58.8% decline from the previous quarter. As a start-up, Nikola has yet to generate revenue. However, the firm projects sales of $24m for the full year. In its third quarter earnings report, the company said it had $908m in cash.
The future of EVs: Hydrogen fuel cells?
As part of the push to find zero-emission solutions, the EV market has largely focused on BEVs. However, FCEVs could become a viable alternative in the future as costs fall. It’s an area that Nikola is investing in to help build the technology and infrastructure required to support it.
Nikola’s most obvious competitor in the EV market is Tesla [TSLA]. Both companies are focusing on electric trucks (and both companies are even named after inventor Nikola Tesla). However, Tesla founder Elon Musk previously rejected hydrogen fuel cells, dismissing it as “stupid” and criticising its poor efficiency rate.
Nikola recently announced a collaboration on hydrogen fuelling stations with TravelCenters of America [TA], prompting its share price to jump 14.4% on April 22. FCEVs are seen as a longer-range clean energy solution for the trucking industry as it moves away from diesel power.
Nikola’s future performance may depend on whether or not it meets its production targets. Analysts at Wedbush reiterated a neutral rating on Nikola’s shares in late April, and slashed its price target from $25 to $13, reported Business Insider.
Analysts led by Dan Ives questioned the realism of the company’s forecasts. “We still have clear concerns that the execution and timing of these ambitious goals stay on track over the coming years.”
"We still have clear concerns that the execution and timing of these ambitious goals" - Dan Ives, Wedbush
In March, Paul Coster, an analyst at JPMorgan, downgraded Nikola to neutral from overweight, according to The Fly. However, he thought that stock could “heat up again” later in 2021 if customer orders are announced.
Nikola was rated a hold by six analysts on TipRanks, with an average price target of $20.20, representing an 86.9% increase from its closing price on 4 May.