European equity markets struggled to make any headway yesterday in the absence of US markets, with the FTSE100 closing at its lowest levels in over three years, weighed down by continued risk aversion and weakness in oil prices
, as concerns grow over further deflationary forces rippling out from overcapacity in the commodity sector, and the slowdown in China and emerging markets.
This morning’s latest Chinese economic data hasn’t really shed any new light
on an economy that we know is slowing down. The latest Q4 GDP data came in at 6.8%, the slowest pace in 25 years and slightly below consensus expectations, while December industrial production slid back to 5.9% from 6.2% in November, no real surprise given recent weak PMI readings.
Retail sales were slightly disappointing coming in at 11.1%,
slipping back from 11.2% and breaking a sequence of consecutive monthly improvements since last March. While these numbers are slightly disappointing they don’t point to a sharp slowdown, however it does raise the question as to what further steps to stimulate the economy policymakers will take in the coming weeks.
Concerns about disinflation are likely to put the focus on the latest inflation numbers
out of the UK, EU and US over the next two days, and are likely to be instructive in the context of what future policy moves we can expect to see from the ECB, Bank of England and the US Federal Reserve.
Last night’s comments from new MPC member Gertjan Vlieghe
would appear to suggest a UK rate rise remains some way off given recent weak economic data. The recent softness in some of the latest UK economic data has helped precipitate significant sterling declines over the course of the past few weeks, helped in no small part by fading expectations of a Bank of England rate rise later this year.
The sharp declines in the pound, particularly against the Japanese yen, euro and US dollar over the past few days have been notable
for rising pessimism around the strength of the UK economy, and the potential for further weakness, not only from the manufacturing sector, but also the dominant services sector.
Recent updates from the retail sector
have raised concerns that while UK consumers aren’t shy of spending their money they are becoming much more discerning about how and where they spend it.
With energy and food prices still under pressure the outlook continues to come across as fairly positive
and retail sales growth has been consistently positive throughout 2015, though there is some concern that events overseas could well act as a drag on our export capability.
Today’s release of December CPI is expected to show that headline inflationary pressures remain weak
with a rise of 0.1% from a year ago. Core prices are expected to come in quite a bit higher at 1.2% but still well below the 2% level that the Bank of England has as its inflation target.
Retail prices are also expected to come in slightly higher at 1%, down from 1.1% in November.
These inflation numbers look set to remain weak into 2016
given the declines in commodity prices, especially energy prices, seen already since the end of last year. On the initial move lower in 2014 oil prices managed to bottom out at $45 a barrel last January before rebounding, back to $68 a barrel in May.
Knowing this, while it is true that last year’s sharp drops in commodity prices are set to drop out of the inflation numbers in the next couple of months,
the latest set of comparatives also show that we’re also well below the price levels set last January, and as such this looks likely to keep the inflationary comparatives weak for several months to come, barring an unexpected oil price spike.
Further weak CPI data from the EU is likely to increase the pressure on the ECB to announce, or at least signpost the prospect of further easing
at this week’s governing council meeting, though it’s hard to see what else the ECB can do to mitigate further declines in commodity price inflation, which are likely to act as an economic boost to consumption in any case.
The final EU CPI number for December
is expected to show prices at 0.2%, with core prices at 0.9%.
With equity markets in Europe at multi month lows today’s German ZEW investor expectations is expected to show a slowdown from December’s 16.1, coming in at 8.2.
– while the euro continues to find itself capped just below the 1.1000 level it is still finding support just above the 1.0800 area. Only a move back below 1.0800 argues for a retest towards the 1.0600 level where we have trend line support from the all-time lows posted in October 2000 at 0.8220. A break below 1.0600 could see a return to 1.0465 and last year’s low.
– the pound appears to be on its course for its lowest monthly close since 2002, closing in on its lowest levels since the 2010 lows at 1.4225, after falling below support at 1.4350 last week. Falling below 1.4220 could well open up a test of the 1.4000 level. We need to recover back through 1.4650 to stop the rot and stabilise for a rebound towards 1.4820.
– the euro has continued its rally against the pound and looks set for a return to the 200 week MA at the 0.7900 level, after breaking through the 0.7500 area last week. Pullbacks are likely to find support back near the 0.7500 area.
– the recent rebound from the 116.65 area has so far struggled to overcome the 118.30 area needed to suggest a return towards the 120.00 area. While below 118.40 the risk remains for a return to the 116.00 area.
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